1989: PRINCE

PRojects IN Controlled Environments
Published by the UK Government agency CCTA, Projects in Controlled Environments (PRINCE) became the UK standard for all government information systems projects.

The main features are:
  • A defined management structure.
  • A system of plans for resourcing and technical issues.
  • A set of control procedures.
  • A focus on products; deliverables to the customer and project deliverables used for managing the project.
A feature in the original method, not seen in other methods, was the idea of "assuring progress" from three separate, but linked perspectives:
  • Business Assurance Co-ordinator (BAC): whose role is to oversee the project is in line with the business mission of the company and to report at progress meetings. This assures the project stays in the best interests of the company.
  • Technical Assurance Co-ordinator (TAC): who oversees the technical aspects of the project and assures it does not get into technical difficulties.
  • User Assurance Co-ordinator (UAC): who represents the eventual user.
However, the PRINCE method developed a reputation as being too unwieldy, too rigid and applicable only to large projects, leading to a revision in 1996.